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Far North

Les bassins versants du Nord qui se déversent dans l’océan Arctique sont de plus en plus le site d’extraction de ressources économiquement importantes en Amérique du Nord et en Sibérie.

Au Canada, le dépôt de chromite dans la « ceinture de feu », zone située dans les basses terres de la baie d’Hudson, est un exemple frappant. Ces bassins versants sont couverts de vastes tourbières de basses températures stockant de grosses quantités de carbone qui s’échapperaient autrement dans l’atmosphère sous forme de gaz. Ils sont déjà affectés par le changement climatique plus que dans les régions tempérées.

Comprendre comment le développement peut se faire dans ces bassins plats et vulnérables du Nord, sans compromettre leurs apports aux écosystèmes naturels, est un immense défi de recherche au Centre pour la vitalité des lacs. Les basses terres de la baie d’Hudson constituent un laboratoire naturel idéal auquel le Canada peut contribuer et où il peut apprendre beaucoup de choses. Il s’agit donc d’un défi et d’une possibilité pour toute une génération.

 



To learn more about the Far North, browse through the following slides by using the left and right arrows to navigate.
  •  Development is moving north.

    Development is moving north.

  • The Hudson Bay Lowlands, stores approx. 35Gt of C and annually sequesters an amount equal to approx. 8% of Canada's total emissions. Approximately 1/10th of the globe’s atmospheric cooling benefits from wetlands are supplied by Canada’s Hudson Bay Lowlands.

    The Hudson Bay Lowlands, stores approx. 35Gt of C and annually sequesters an amount equal to approx. 8% of Canada’s total emissions. Approximately 1/10th of the globe’s atmospheric cooling benefits from wetlands are supplied by Canada’s Hudson Bay Lowlands.

  • The Hudson Bay Lowlands is the second largest peatland in the world.

    The Hudson Bay Lowlands is the second largest peatland in the world.

  • Permafrost distribution in Canada.

    Permafrost distribution in Canada.

  • Beluga whales at the mouth of the Churchill River. The Hudson Bay Lowlands has 1287 km of arctic ocean coast line.

    Beluga whales at the mouth of the Churchill River. The Hudson Bay Lowlands has 1287 km of arctic ocean coast line.

  • Mean annual temperature in the area is expected to rise from approx. -3°C to +4°C by 2050.

    Mean annual temperature in the area is expected to rise from approx. -3°C to +4°C by 2050.

  • The number of ice free days is increasing.

    The number of ice free days is increasing.

  • Approximately 67% of the surface area of Ontario is within the arctic watershed and drains to Hudson Bay. The major rivers include Albany, Moose, Severn, Winisk, Attawapiskat, and Ekwan.

    Approximately 67% of the surface area of Ontario is within the arctic watershed and drains to Hudson Bay. The major rivers include Albany, Moose, Severn, Winisk, Attawapiskat, and Ekwan.

  • Attawapiskat River

    Attawapiskat River

  • More than 30,000 mining claims have been recorded in the Ring of Fire area. The population of the Far North is expected in increase by more than 10x in the coming decades as development accelerates.

    More than 30,000 mining claims have been recorded in the Ring of Fire area. The population of the Far North is expected in increase by more than 10x in the coming decades as development accelerates.

  • DeBeers Diamond Mine

    DeBeers Diamond Mine

  • Fort Severn. There are 34 remote first nations communities in the Far North with a total population of about 24,000.

    Fort Severn. There are 34 remote first nations communities in the Far North with a total population of about 24,000.